Conservation vs Preservation by Aayat Irfan

The utilization of words such as ''preservation'' and ''conservation'' is widely done across eco-tourism industries as well as eco-tourists and environmentalists. However, both of these words can be doubtlessly confused. Both of their definitions highly differ. Although both of the processes focus on protecting the natural environment, the method of conducting each one of them does contrast.

Conservation is a term that signifies the sustainable use of the natural environment and its resources in a way that protects it from being destroyed. Through the conservation of wildlife both parties, humans and other living beings, mutually benefit. An example of this would be the Mara Training Centre in Kenya.

Experiencing the Masai Mara, Kenya

Conservation of biodiversity can be split into three various categories:

  1. Species Diversity – is the amount of animal and plant species that are present in a particular area.
  2. Genetic Diversity – is the total number of variations of genetic information in a certain group of species.
  3. Ecological Diversity – is the number of different ecosystems that are in existence, for instance, terrestrial ecosystems or marine ecosystems.

On the contrary, preservation is a term that refers to maintaining the natural environment free of human impacts and influences so that it isn’t exploited by them. One of the examples of such a kind of preservation of biodiversity includes undisturbed natural reserves, for instance, the Selati Game Reserve in South Africa. These are protected areas that are completely rich in flora and fauna and consist of elysian landscapes with spectacular views, entirely unaffected by humans.

Learning and observing the biodiversity of Selati Game Reserve 

The love for Earth shouldn’t only reside in environmentalists but in every other human being. Saving biodiversity doesn’t always have to be led by organizations and the government, it can even begin in your own backyard – planting trees, trying to eat sustainably, shortening your shower, and educating others. Many more individual ways of helping the environment exist, it is up to each one as to which one they would like to choose. Eco-training offers such courses to each individual to feel wildlife up close and alive, and be a part of the conservation and preservation of biodiversity.

Regardless of how both approaches to saving the environment are carried out, both of them are beneficial to Mother Nature in some or the other way.

Preserving EcoSystems with Managing Director Anton Lategan

Preserving ecosystems starts with and is the responsibility of each and every person.

“At EcoTraining, we focus on teaching our students the importance of protecting nature and why it is that we need to live in harmony with the environment and wildlife. It is crucial to understand that humans, animals, and nature all form part of the same ecosystem. If one link is missing, the ecosystem will fall apart – at the end of the day, it is all about interrelatedness,” Anton Lategan.

Restoring damaged ecosystems can make a significant difference to some of the most serious challenges countries across the world are facing, ranging from poverty to climate change.

About the Author: 

Aayat Irfan is a fifteen-year-old student and a budding writer, from Mozambique. Her written works include topics such as nature, culture, travel, and tourism.

She won the Bloomsday Poetry Competition in 2021, which was held by the Irish embassy in Maputo.
She is also the first Mozambican blogger on Voices of Youth – UNICEF.